1. D. “A Funeral Poem on the Death of C.E.” was written by Phillis Wheatley.
2. C. Borrowed from Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount in the book of Matthew, John Winthrop introduced the phrase “city upon a hill” into early American literature to describe the community formed by the Puritan colonists, which was to be watched by the world.
3. D. Philip Freneau was sometimes called the “Poet of the American Revolution,” having written a number of anti-British pieces before, during, and after the Revolutionary War.
4. E. Novels depicting regional dialect were prominent in the period of Realism.
5. A. A diary of a journey, “The Journal of Madam Knight” by Sarah Kemble Knight recounts the author’s experiences during a trying journey. This passage details when her journey began and how far she would travel.
6. C. Natty Bumppo, a fictitious rugged “pioneer,” was first introduced by Cooper in “Pioneers”; the character appears in all five of Cooper’s works collectively titled “The Leatherstocking Tales.”
7. B. A writer of satire as well as music and poetry, Francis Hopkinson, in “A Pretty Story,” examines the contentious relationship between Great Britain and the colonies. It is often called the most important of his political writings.
8. B. Delivered March 23, 1775, this famous speech by Patrick Henry presented resolutions to raise a militia and to put Virginia in a posture of defense. “Give me liberty or give me death” were Henry’s unforgettable closing words.
9. D. Dickinson uses hyperbole in her description of love being “more than whole mines of gold” or “all the riches that the East doth hold.” In the line “My love is such that rivers cannot quench,” the poet uses metaphor to compare her love to a thirst that nothing can quench.
10. A. Michael Wigglesworth’s “The Day of Doom” is a poetical description of the Great and Last Judgment. The first excerpt describes the atmosphere of calm the evening before the “storm” of Judgment Day.